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The awaited return of the most obvious seasonal signal
The "brilliant" sectors of the sky
An assembly of sacred images

Figures portrayed
by stars in the night,
by nature "dramatic" figures

Why make reference to
seasonal stars.
Measuring time in "moons"

When lunar imagery is combined
with stellar imagery to compose a "mythical cinema"

The human condition
and its development
in the collective memory


French version


Apollo, Aploun, Apillini, Aphellan:
An "Apollinian calendar

As we saw above, the dance and song festivities of "Hyperborea" (in the north of the hemisphere) that took place under the auspices of Apollo, celebrated the Cycle of 19 years, which is one of the best solutions to prevent lunar months from drifting through the seasons.

The holy site of Delphi or the "navel", the terrestrial mirror of "delphus", which is the celestial transmitter of cosmic life, was the site of festivities that took place every nine years, celebrating the triumph of god over the terrifying forces of Life and Death, which was personified as the Python Serpent (see above the interpretations of the Milky Way). This indicates the use of a cycle close to the "Metonic Cycle", namely a complete 18-year cycle broken down into two periods.

The Delphia: resonating with declamations, chants, vibrations of cithara strings, they were "music". They were the glorification of the harmony between the power that orchestrates seasonal variations in vital waves of energy and the power that "governs" monthly variations.

Even a passing glance at images evoked by the myth of Apollo, with the griffon god (head and wings of an eagle, body of a lion), friend of wolves, swans and dauphins, whose arc is made of "silver", shows that this figure cannot be reduced – even in the form of a sacred image – to a simple representation of the Sun. Helios-Sun, whose annual variations of light modify the conditions of life on Earth, is only an instrument, just as the Selene-Moon is only the instrument of Apollo’s "sister" Artemis.

Trépied volant

The "Brilliant Apollo" appears to originate in the combination of an image and a symbolic name. The evocation of festive circumstances that retained their prestige in the collective memory, namely the Festival of Harmonization of the Cycles, marks the beginning of a new "era", of hope and questioning (Pythius, puto : I think, I am trying to understand).

There is no reason why we should not see the name Ap–Ollôn also as a combination of very significant terms:

Opening (ab, apo: Point de Departure, aperio: I open)
of the New Cycle (Wolw, Latin: volvo, I complete the tour,
Aztec: ollin, sidereal cycle)

The Apollonian "18-year cycle" consequently appears to have governed religious life for millennia. Coming into existence when the Bering Strait could still be crossed, this cycle exerts a federating influence on nomadic tribes, rallying then around a common concept. This cycle appears to have been present throughout the northern hemisphere, inspiring pilgrimages to holy places where impressive sacrificial ceremonies were performed (those which the Toltecs and the Aztecs continued to practice up to the 16th century). Located between Europe and Asia Troy, founded under the influence of Apollo, distinguishes itself as one of the most ancient places of sacrifices. Cyclic sacrificial murders have left an indelible impression on the area’s collective memory. From that center of religious fermentation, the Caucasus, teeming with images of Atlas, Prometheus and Ararat, this ceremonial Cycle, with its variations and subdivisions, has imposed itself all the way to the Mediterranean. It consequently (at least apparently) became "civilized", with less blood spilled during its rites. The pediment of the Temple of Olympia shows that Apollo has become a "god" who, with a seigniorial gesture, ends violent sacrifices and violent "sacred weddings" still practiced in Thrace under the sign of the Centaur.

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